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Finistère

For other uses, see Finisterre (disambiguation).
Department of France Department in Brittany, France
Finistère

Penn-ar-Bed  (Breton)
Department
Prefecture building of the Finistère department, in Quimper
Prefecture building of the Finistère department, in Quimper
Flag of Finistère
Flag
Coat of arms of Finistère
Coat of arms
Location of Finistère in France
Location of Finistère in France
Coordinates:48°15′N 04°00′W / 48.250°N 4.000°W
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
PrefectureQuimper
SubprefecturesBrest
Châteaulin
Morlaix
Government
 • President of the General CouncilNathalie Sarrabezolles (PS)
Area
 • Total6,733 km (2,600 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total908,249
 • Rank24th
 • Density130/km (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number29
Arrondissements4
Cantons27
Communes277
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km

Finistère (/ˌfɪnɪˈstɛər/, French: [finistɛʁ] (About this soundlisten); Breton: Penn-ar-Bed [ˌpɛnarˈbeːt]) is a department of France in the extreme west of Brittany.

History

Historical regions of Brittany
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801439,046—    
1821483,095+0.48%
1831524,396+0.82%
1841576,068+0.94%
1851617,710+0.70%
1861627,304+0.15%
1876666,106+0.40%
1881681,564+0.46%
1891727,012+0.65%
1901773,014+0.62%
1921752,514−0.13%
1936757,000+0.04%
1946724,735−0.43%
1954727,847+0.05%
1962749,558+0.37%
1968769,000+0.43%
1975804,088+0.64%
1982829,865+0.45%
1990838,366+0.13%
1999852,273+0.18%
2006879,497+0.45%
2016908,249+0.32%
source:

The present department consists of the historical region of Léon and parts of Cornouaille and Trégor, both parts of pre-revolutionary Brittany.

The name Finistère derives from the Latin Finis Terræ, meaning end of the earth. In England, a similar area is called Land's End. The Breton name for Finistère, Penn ar Bed, translates as "Head/End of the World" and is similar to the Cornish name for Land's End, Pedn-an-Wlas (Head/End of the country), and also Penfro (English: Pembroke) in Wales (pen = end, bro = country). Finistère is not to be confused with Finisterre in Galicia, Spain, which shares the same etymology.

Geography

The largest population center in Finistère is Brest. Other large towns in the department include Quimper (the capital), Concarneau, Morlaix, Carhaix, Quimperlé and Douarnenez. Finistère includes the island of Ushant (Eusa in Breton, Ouessant in French).

Finistère is the westernmost department of Metropolitan France and can also claim to be the "most coastal" department in Metropolitan France. Of its 279 communes, 118 are located on the coast. Its total coastline of approximately 1,250 km (776.71 mi) accounts for almost a quarter of the entire Brittany coast-line.

Map of Finistère

The abers, rugged fjord-like inlets on the north coast, are a notable feature of the landscape.

The westernmost point of continental France, known as the Pointe de Corsen, extends from the northwestern tip of Finistère. About 40 kilometres to the south (as the crow flies) is the slightly less westerly, but rugged and isolated, headland of Pointe du Raz.

Economy

Agriculture, food processing and various related industries occupy an important place in Finistère's economy.

The military presence in Finistère (Île Longue nuclear submarine base and the Naval Air base of Lanvéoc-Poulmic), as well as military-related industries, such as the Brest headquarters of DCNS, employ a significant number of the département's population.

The port of Roscoff links Brittany by ferry with Ireland and Great Britain.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMemberParty
Finistère's 1st constituencyAnnaïg Le MeurLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 2nd constituencyJean-Charles LarsonneurLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 3rd constituencyDidier Le GacLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 4th constituencySandrine Le FeurLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 5th constituencyGraziella MelchiorLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 6th constituencyRichard FerrandLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 7th constituencyLiliane TanguyLa République En Marche!
Finistère's 8th constituencyErwan BalanantMouvement démocrate

Culture

Finistère is the area where Breton survives most strongly as a spoken language. Breton-speaking schools are called Diwan, Divyezh and Dihun.

The Festival de Cornouaille, which takes place in Quimper, is a celebration of Breton music and traditions. One of the highlights of summer in Finistère is the "Festival des Vieilles Charrues" held in Carhaix-Plouguer. Major international stars attract tens of thousands of spectators.

The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) featured many locations around Finistère.

Roland Doré was a sculptor who executed many of the calvaries in Finistère.

Tourism

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Finistère, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-28T19:39:05.000Z