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Gironde

For other uses, see Gironde (disambiguation).
Department of France Department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France
Gironde

Gironda  (Occitan)
Department
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde
Flag
Coat of arms of Gironde
Coat of arms
Location of Gironde in France
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates:44°50′N 0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
PrefectureBordeaux
SubprefecturesArcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
 • President of the General CouncilJean-Luc Gleyze
Area
 • Total10,000 km (4,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,566,679
 • Rank7th
 • Density160/km (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number33
Arrondissements6
Cantons33
Communes535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Gironde (/ʒɪˈrɒnd/ zhi-ROND, US usually /ɪˈ-/ ji-, French: [ʒiʁɔ̃d] (About this soundlisten); Occitan: Gironda, pronounced [dʒiˈɾundo]) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway. The Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801502,723—    
1806522,371+0.77%
1821522,041−0.00%
1831554,225+0.60%
1841568,034+0.25%
1851614,387+0.79%
1861667,193+0.83%
1872705,149+0.50%
1881748,703+0.67%
1891793,528+0.58%
1901821,131+0.34%
1911829,095+0.10%
1921819,128−0.12%
1931852,768+0.40%
1936850,567−0.05%
1946858,381+0.09%
1954896,517+0.54%
1962935,448+0.53%
19681,009,390+1.28%
19751,061,480+0.72%
19821,127,546+0.87%
19901,213,499+0.92%
19991,287,532+0.66%
20061,393,758+1.14%
20161,566,679+1.18%
source:

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party45
The Republicans12
French Communist Party3
Miscellaneous Right1
MoDem1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition1

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMemberParty
Gironde's 1st constituencyDominique DavidLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituencyCatherine FabreLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituencyLoïc Prud'hommeLa France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituencyAlain DavidSocialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituencyBenoît SimianLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituencyÉric PoulliatLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituencyBérangère CouillardLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituencySophie PanonacleLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituencySophie MetteMoDem
Gironde's 10th constituencyFlorent BoudiéLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituencyVéronique HammererLa République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituencyChristelle DubosLa République En Marche!

Tourism

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Gironde, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-28T19:40:05.000Z