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Loire (department)

Not to be confused with Loiret, a department in north-central France.
Department of France Department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
Loire
Department
red roofed buildings, surrounded by trees, on a cloudy day
Montbrison in 2007
yellow fish on a red field
Flag
yellow fish on a red field
Coat of arms
Location of Loire in France
Location of Loire in France
Coordinates:45°05′N 04°05′E / 45.083°N 4.083°E
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
PrefectureSaint-Étienne
SubprefecturesMontbrison
Roanne
Government
 • President of the General CouncilBernard Bonne (UMP)
Area
 • Total4,781 km (1,846 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total761,997
 • Rank30th
 • Density160/km (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number42
Arrondissements3
Cantons21
Communes323
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km

Loire (French pronunciation: ​[lwaʁ]; Francoprovençal: Lêre; Occitan: Léger) is a department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes occupying the River Loire's upper reaches.

History

Loire was created in 1793 when the Rhône-et-Loire department was split into two, about 3½ years after it was created. This was a response to counter-revolutionary activities in Lyon which, by population, was the country's second largest city. By splitting Rhône-et-Loire the government sought to protect the French Revolution from the potential power and influence of counter revolutionary activity in the Lyon region.

The departmental capitals throughout its history are as follows:

Geography

Loire is part of the current administrative region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and is surrounded by the departments of Rhône, Isère, Ardèche, Haute-Loire, Puy-de-Dôme, Allier, and Saône-et-Loire.

The River Loire traverses the department from south to north.

The Loire department is split into three arrondissements:

Parts of the department belong to Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Ligériens.

The industrial city of Saint-Étienne with its suburbs contains some 290,000 of the area's 728,542 inhabitants.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801290,903—    
1806317,053+1.74%
1821343,454+0.53%
1831391,216+1.31%
1841434,085+1.05%
1851472,588+0.85%
1861517,603+0.91%
1872550,611+0.56%
1881599,836+0.96%
1891616,227+0.27%
1901647,633+0.50%
1911640,549−0.11%
1921637,130−0.05%
1931664,822+0.43%
1936650,226−0.44%
1946631,591−0.29%
1954654,482+0.45%
1962696,348+0.78%
1968722,443+0.62%
1975742,396+0.39%
1982739,521−0.06%
1990746,288+0.11%
1999728,524−0.27%
2006741,269+0.25%
2011749,053+0.21%
2016761,997+0.34%
source:

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMemberParty
Loire's 1st constituencyRégis JuanicoSocialist Party
Loire's 2nd constituencyJean-Michel MisLa République En Marche!
Loire's 3rd constituencyValéria Faure-MuntianLa République En Marche!
Loire's 4th constituencyDino CinieriThe Republicans
Loire's 5th constituencyNathalie SarlesModem
Loire's 6th constituencyJulien BorowczykLa République En Marche!

Tourism

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Loire (department), which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-28T19:50:09.000Z