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Lozère

Department of France in Occitanie Department of France in Occitanie
Lozère

Losera  (Occitan)
Department of France
Sainte-Enimie-Gorges du Tarn-Frankreich.jpg
01 Gorges du Tarn Roc des Hourtous.jpg
Chateau Florac Lozere.jpg
Mont Lozère panorama.jpg
From top down, left to right: Sainte-Enimie, the Gorges du Tarn in La Malène, Castle of Florac, Mont Lozère
Flag of Lozère
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lozère in France
Location of Lozère in France
Coordinates:44°20′N 3°36′E / 44.333°N 3.600°E
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
Departement4 March 1790
PrefectureMende
SubprefectureFlorac-Trois-Rivières
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilSophie Pantel (PS)
Area
 • Total5,166.9 km (1,995.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total76,422
 • Rank101st
 • Density15/km (38/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Lozériens
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-48
Department number48
Arrondissements2
Cantons13
Communes152
Websitehttp://lozere.fr/

Lozère (French pronunciation: [lɔzɛʁ] (About this soundlisten); Occitan: Losera [luˈzeɾɔ]) is a department in the region of Occitanie in Southern France, located near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère. With a 2016 population of 76,422, it is the least populous French department.

History

Lozère was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Lozère was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.

Les Sources and Hautes-Cèvennes were two other names proposed for this department but they were not accepted.

Pliny's Natural History praised the cheese of Lozère:

The kinds of cheese that are most esteemed at Rome, where the various good things of all nations are to be judged of by comparison, are those that come from the provinces of Nemausus, and more especially the area there of Lesura and Gabalis (Lozère and Gévaudan); but its excellence is only very short-lived, and it must be eaten while it is fresh.

During the period 1764-67, the Beast of Gévaudan, a creature believed to be a wolf, terrorized the general area in the Margeride Mountains of the former province of Gévaudan (nearly identical with the modern Lozère department).

Geography

Lozère has an area of 5,166.9 km (1,995 sq mi). It is the northernmost department of the current Occitanie region and is surrounded by 5 departments belonging to 2 regions: Cantal, Haute-Loire and Ardèche departments of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, and Gard and Aveyron departments of the Occitanie region.

The geography of Lozère is complicated, covering four mountain ranges. In the north-west, the basalt plateau of Aubrac rises between 1,000 and 1,450 m (3,280 and 4,760 ft), with a cold humid climate influenced by the Atlantic. The north and north-east of the department contains the Margeride mountains, which are formed of granite, and have peaks between 1,000 and 1,550 m (3,280 and 5,090 ft). The climate here is also cold, but drier than in Aubrac, with less snow.

The Causses are a series of very dry limestone plateaus in the south-west, and the south-east contains the Cévennes, which include the highest point in the department, the granite Mont Lozère at 1,702 m (5,584 ft).

The department also contains numerous rivers, above and below ground, including the Tarn, whose source is on Mont Lozère, and which flows through the Gorges du Tarn in the Causses.

View over the cirque of Pougnadoire and Saint-Chély-du-Tarn village, in the Tarn Gorges

Administration

The département is managed by the General Council of Lozère in Mende. As of 2015, the President of the Council is Sophie Pantel. Lozère is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements, 13 cantons and 152 communes in Lozère.

INSEE
code
ArrondissementCapitalPopulation
(2017)
Area
(km)
Density
(inhabitants/km)
Communes
481FloracFlorac13,199  1,687  7.838
482MendeMende63,402  3,479  18.2114

The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Lozère department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Aumont-Aubrac (4801)
  2. La Canourgue (4802)
  3. Chirac (4803)
  4. Le Collet-de-Dèze (4804)
  5. Florac (4805)
  6. Grandrieu (4806)
  7. Langogne (4807)
  8. Marvejols (4808)
  9. Mende-1 (4809)
  10. Mende-2 (4810)
  11. Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole (4811)
  12. Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4812)
  13. Saint-Étienne-du-Valdonnez (4813)

Economy

The main activities are cattle farming and tourism. There is barely any agricultural farming in Lozère due to poor soil quality. The hardy Aubrac is the most commonly farmed cattle breed here.

The region has one of the lowest rates of unemployment in France, which may be attributed to the enforced long-standing tradition whereby young people emigrate to cities such as Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier when they reach working age.

Land use

Cereals field near Les Bondons, dominated by the hills called Puechs des Bondons.

Lozère is a rural department, with relatively little land taken up by roads and buildings. Overall the land use is divided as follows:

Politics

Current National Assembly Representative

ConstituencyMemberParty
Lozère's 1st constituencyPierre Morel-À-L'HuissierThe Republicans

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801126,503—    
1806143,247+2.52%
1821133,934−0.45%
1831140,347+0.47%
1841140,788+0.03%
1851144,705+0.27%
1861137,367−0.52%
1872135,190−0.15%
1881143,565+0.67%
1891135,517−0.58%
1901128,866−0.50%
1911122,738−0.49%
1921108,822−1.20%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931101,849−0.66%
193698,480−0.67%
194690,523−0.84%
195482,391−1.17%
196281,868−0.08%
196877,258−0.96%
197574,825−0.46%
198274,294−0.10%
199072,825−0.25%
199973,509+0.10%
200676,806+0.63%
201177,156+0.09%
201676,422−0.19%
source:

Lozère is the least populated French department. It has a population, in 2017, of 76,601, for a population density of 14.8 inhabitants/km. The arrondissement of Mende, with 63,402 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Florac, has 13,199 inhabitants.

The only important town is Mende with 12,134 people living there in 2017. Other cities are Marvejols (4,722) and Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4,164).

The inhabitants of Lozère are known, in French, as Lozériens (women: Lozériennes).

Tourism

Tourist activities include caving and a variety of sports, such as skiing and kayaking. Lozère contains a part of the Cévennes National Park. Lozère is considered one of the best areas in France for trout fishing. Rivers such as the Lot, Tarn and Truyère are particularly noted for their trout populations.

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Lozère, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-28T20:10:05.000Z