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Saône-et-Loire

Department of France in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Department of France in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Saône-et-Loire
Department of France
Prefecture building in Mâcon
Prefecture building in Mâcon
Flag of Saône-et-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms of Saône-et-Loire
Coat of arms
Location of Saône-et-Loire in France
Location of Saône-et-Loire in France
Coordinates:46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
PrefectureMâcon
SubprefecturesAutun
Chalon-sur-Saône
Charolles
Louhans
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilAndré Accary (LR)
Area
 • Total8,575 km (3,311 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total555,023
 • Rank47th
 • Density65/km (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number71
Arrondissements5
Cantons29
Communes565
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km

Saône-et-Loire (French pronunciation: ​[sonelwaʁ]; Arpitan: Sona-et-Lêre) is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of central-eastern France. Named after the Saône and Loire between which it lies, it had a population of 555,023 in 2016. Its prefecture is Mâcon and subprefectures are Autun, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801452,673—    
1806471,236+0.81%
1821498,057+0.37%
1831524,180+0.51%
1841551,543+0.51%
1851574,720+0.41%
1861582,137+0.13%
1872598,344+0.25%
1881625,589+0.50%
1891619,523−0.10%
1901620,360+0.01%
1911604,446−0.26%
1921554,816−0.85%
1931538,741−0.29%
1936525,676−0.49%
1946506,749−0.37%
1954511,182+0.11%
1962535,772+0.59%
1968550,364+0.45%
1975569,810+0.50%
1982571,852+0.05%
1990559,413−0.27%
1999544,893−0.29%
2006549,359+0.12%
2016555,023+0.10%
source:

When it was formed during the French Revolution, as of March 4, 1790 in fulfillment of the law of December 22, 1789, the new department combined parts of the provinces of southern Burgundy and Bresse, uniting lands that had no previous common history nor political unity and which have no true geographical unity. Thus its history is that of Burgundy, and is especially to be found in the local histories of Autun, Mâcon, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.

Geography

Saône-et-Loire is the seventh largest department of France. It is part of the region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. In the west, the department is composed of the hills of the Autunois, the region around Autun, in the southwest the Charollais, and the Mâconnais in the south.

In the centre, the department is traversed from north to south by the Saône in its wide plain; the Saône is a tributary of the River Rhône that joins it at Lyon and thus is connected to the Mediterranean Sea. The source of the Loire, is south of the department, in the department of Ardèche. It then makes its way in the opposite direction, forming the southwest border of the department, and eventually draining into the Atlantic Ocean. The Canal du Centre links the Saône to the Loire between Chalon-sur-Saône and Digoin, thereby linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic ocean. In the east, the department occupies the northern part of the plain of Bresse. In the west, its industrial heart is in Le Creusot and Montceau-les-Mines, formerly noted for their coal mines and metallurgy.

Principal towns

Most Populous Saône-et-Loire communes
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation
1Chalon-sur-SaôneChalon-sur-Saône-1
Chalon-sur-Saône-2
Chalon-sur-Saône-3
Chalon-sur-Saône45,096
2MâconMâcon-1
Mâcon-2
Mâcon33,638
3Le CreusotLe Creusot-1
Le Creusot-2
Autun21,630
4Montceau-les-MinesMontceau-les-MinesAutun18,398
5AutunAutun-1
Autun-2
Autun13,290

Subdivisions

The department consists of five arrondissements:

There are 29 cantons in the department and 567 communes.

Carte de la Saône-et-Loire.svg

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMemberParty
Saône-et-Loire's 1st constituencyBenjamin DirxLa République En Marche!
Saône-et-Loire's 2nd constituencyJosiane CorneloupThe Republicans
Saône-et-Loire's 3rd constituencyRémy RebeyrotteLa République En Marche!
Saône-et-Loire's 4th constituencyCécile UntermaierSocialist Party
Saône-et-Loire's 5th constituencyRaphaël GauvainLa République En Marche!

Tourism

See also : Tourism in Saône-et-Loire

Touristic sites :

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Saône-et-Loire, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-29T09:27:20.000Z