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Seine-et-Marne

Department of France Department in Île-de-France, France
Seine-et-Marne
Department
Prefecture building of the Seine-et-Marne department, in Melun
Prefecture building of the Seine-et-Marne department, in Melun
Flag of Seine-et-Marne
Flag
Coat of arms of Seine-et-Marne
Coat of arms
Location of Seine-et-Marne in France
Location of Seine-et-Marne in France
Coordinates:48°36′N 03°00′E / 48.600°N 3.000°E
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
PrefectureMelun
SubprefecturesFontainebleau
Meaux
Provins
Torcy
Government
 • President of the General CouncilJean-Jacques Barbaux
Area
 • Total5,915 km (2,284 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,397,665
 • Rank10th
 • Density240/km (610/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number77
Arrondissements5
Cantons23
Communes507
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km

Seine-et-Marne (pronounced [sɛn e maʁn]) is a French department named after the Seine and Marne rivers and located in the Île-de-France region.

History

Seine-et-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 during the French Revolution in application of the law of 22 December 1789. It had previously belonged to the former province of Île-de-France.

Economy

Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60 percent of the region used as farmland, Seine-et-Marne is where most agricultural activity occurs within the Île-de-France. Cereals and sugar beet are the principal exports from Seine-et-Marne.

The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the Safran Aircraft Engines research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to theme parks such as Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park at Disneyland Paris.

Climate

Seine-et-Marne has a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of Fontainebleau, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm (25.6 in), which is higher than the average of Île-de-France (600 mm (23.6 in)). Average temperature in Melun during the 1953–2002 period was 3.2 °C (37.8 °F) for January and 18.6 °C (65.5 °F) for July.

The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et-Marne and caused several trees to fall.

Geography

Seine-et-Marne forms a part of the Île-de-France region; the department covers 49% of the region's land area. It is bordered by Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Essonne to the West; Loiret and Yonne to the South; Aube and Marne to the East; and Aisne and Oise to the North.

The department has many natural reserves, notably Brie and Gâtinais.

The highest point of the département is Saint-George's Hill (215 m).

Principal towns

Most Populous Seine-et-Marne communes
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation (2017)
1MeauxMeauxMeaux54,991
2ChellesChellesTorcy54,917
3MelunMelunMelun40,032
4Pontault-CombaultPontault-CombaultTorcy37,747
5Savigny-le-TempleSavigny-le-TempleMelun29,984
6Bussy-Saint-GeorgesTorcyTorcy27,379
7VilleparisisVilleparisisTorcy26,322
8Champs-sur-MarneChamps-sur-MarneTorcy25,041
9Roissy-en-BriePontault-CombaultTorcy22,994
10TorcyTorcyTorcy22,568
11Combs-la-VilleCombs-la-VilleMelun22,383
12Dammarie-lès-LysSaint-Fargeau-PonthierryMelun21,835
13Lagny-sur-MarneLagny-sur-MarneTorcy21,356
14Le Mée-sur-SeineSavigny-le-TempleMelun20,816
15Ozoir-la-FerrièreOzoir-la-FerrièreTorcy20,331

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801299,160—    
1806304,263+0.34%
1831323,881+0.25%
1841333,311+0.29%
1851345,076+0.35%
1861352,312+0.21%
1872341,490−0.28%
1881348,991+0.24%
1891356,747+0.22%
1901358,325+0.04%
1911363,561+0.15%
1921349,234−0.40%
1931406,108+1.52%
1936409,311+0.16%
1946407,137−0.05%
1954453,438+1.36%
1962524,486+1.84%
1968604,340+2.39%
1975755,762+3.25%
1982887,112+2.32%
19901,078,166+2.47%
19991,197,673+1.17%
20061,273,488+0.88%
20111,338,427+1.00%
20161,397,665+0.87%
source:

People from Seine-et-Marne are known as the Seine-et-Marnais.

Originally Seine-et-Marne was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris conurbation and the building of new towns in the northwest of the region. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et-Marne as a whole shares a sister city relationship with Orlando, Florida, United States, as both host Disney theme parks.

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et-Marne in 1999
Born in Metropolitan FranceBorn outside Metropolitan France
86.6%13.4%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birthEU-15 immigrantsNon-EU-15 immigrants
1.4%2.3%3.8%5.9%
This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMemberParty
Seine-et-Marne's 1st constituencyAude LuquetMoDem
Seine-et-Marne's 2nd constituencyValérie LacrouteThe Republicans
Seine-et-Marne's 3rd constituencyYves JégoUnion of Democrats and Independents
Seine-et-Marne's 4th constituencyChristian JacobThe Republicans
Seine-et-Marne's 5th constituencyFranck RiesterAgir
Seine-et-Marne's 6th constituencyJean-François ParigiThe Republicans
Seine-et-Marne's 7th constituencyRodrigue KokouendoLa République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 8th constituencyJean-Michel FauvergueLa République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 9th constituencyMichèle PeyronLa République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 10th constituencyStéphanie DoLa République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 11th constituencyOlivier FaureSocialist Party

Tourism

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Seine-et-Marne, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-29T09:29:40.000Z