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Voiced bilabial nasal

Type of consonantal sound
"Bilabial nasal" redirects here. For the voiceless consonant, see Voiceless bilabial nasal.
Voiced bilabial nasal
m
IPA Number114
Encoding
Entity (decimal)m
Unicode (hex)U+006D
X-SAMPAm
Braille⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
Audio sample
source · help

The voiced bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨m⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is m. The bilabial nasal occurs in English, and it is the sound represented by "m" in map and rum.

It occurs nearly universally, and few languages (e.g. Mohawk) are known to lack this sound.

Features

Features of the voiced bilabial nasal:

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Adygheмазэ[maːza]'moon'
ArabicStandardمطابخ[maˈtˤaːbɪχ]'kitchens'See Arabic phonology
ArmenianEasternմայրAbout this sound[mɑjɾ] (help·info)'mother'
Assyrian Neo-Aramaicmara[maːra]'owner'
Basquemaitatu[majt̪at̪u]'to love'
Bengaliমা[ma]'mother'See Bengali phonology
Bulgarianмъгла[mɐɡla]'fog'
Catalanmare[ˈmaɾə]'mother'See Catalan phonology
Cherokee[ama˦]'water'
ChineseCantonese / māauAbout this sound[maːu̯˥]'cat'See Cantonese phonology
Mandarin / māoAbout this sound[mɑʊ̯˥]See Mandarin phonology
Chuvashманăнmanɑ̆n'my'
Czechm[mʊʃ]'man'See Czech phonology
Dutchmond[mɔnt]'mouth'See Dutch phonology
EnglishhimAbout this sound[hɪm]'him'See English phonology
Esperantotempo[ˈtempo]'time'See Esperanto phonology
Filipinomanok[maˈnok]'rooster'See Filipino phonology
Finnishminä[ˈminæ]'I'See Finnish phonology
Frenchmanger[mɑ̃ʒe]'to eat'See French phonology
Georgianსა/sami[ˈsɑmi]'three'
GermanMaus[maʊ̯s]'mouse'See Standard German phonology
Greekμάζα / maza[ˈmaza]'clump'See Modern Greek phonology
Gujaratiમો / mōr[moːɾ]'male peacock'See Gujarati phonology
Hawaiianmaka[maka]'eye'See Hawaiian phonology
Hindiधु[məd̪ʱuː]'honey'See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hebrewאמא[ˈʔimäʔ]'mother'See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hungarianma[mɒ]'today'See Hungarian phonology
Indonesianmasuk[ˈmäsʊʔ]'enter'
Italianmamma[ˈmamma]'mommy'See Italian phonology
Japanese乾杯 / kampai[kampai]'cheers'See Japanese phonology
Kabardianмазэ[maːza]'moon'
Kagayanenmanang[manaŋ]'older sister'
Korean마을 / maeul[ma̠ɯɭ]'village'See Korean phonology
Lithuanianmama[ˈmɐmɐ]'mom'
Macedonianмајка[ˈmajka]'mother'See Macedonian phonology
Malaymalam[mäläm]'night'
Malayalamകമ്മി[kəmmi]'shortage'
Malteseilma[ilma]'water'
Marathi[mən]'mind'See Marathi phonology
Mutsunmuruṭ[muɾuʈ]'night'
Nepaliमा[ämä]'mother'See Nepali phonology
Norwegianmamma[ˈmɑmːɑ]'mom'See Norwegian phonology
Ojibwe[ənaːˈmɪm]'accuse'See Ojibwe phonology
Odiaମା[mä]'mother'
Persianمادر[mɒdær]'mother'See Persian phonology
Pirahãbaíxi[ˈmàí̯ʔì]'parent'allophone of /b/
PolishmasaAbout this sound[ˈmäsä] (help·info)'mass'See Polish phonology
Portuguesemato[ˈmatu]'bush'See Portuguese phonology
Punjabiਮੈਂ[mɛ̃ː]'I'
RussianмужAbout this sound[muʂ] (help·info)'husband'Contrasts with palatalized version. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatianмој / moj[mȏːj]'my'See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovakm[mu̞ʃ]'man'
Slovenem[míʃ]'mouse'
Spanishgrumete[ɡɾuˈme̞te̞]'cabin boy'See Spanish phonology
Swahilimiti[ˈmiti]'trees'
Swedishmask[mask]'worm'See Swedish phonology
Thaiมม / mommaem[mɔːm.mɛːm]'shabby'See Thai phonology
Toki Ponamani[mani]'money'
Tsezмец[mɛ̝t͡s]'tongue'
Turkishbenim[be̞nim]'mine'See Turkish phonology
Ukrainianмолоко[mɔɫɔˈkɔ]'milk'See Ukrainian phonology
Urduمکان[məkaːn]'house'See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Uyghurمهن[mæn]'I'
Vietnamesemuối[mwojˀ˧˥]'salt'See Vietnamese phonology
Welshmam[mam]'mother'See Welsh phonology
West Frisianmar[mar]'lake'See West Frisian phonology
Yi / ma[ma˧]'bamboo'
ZapotecTilquiapanman[maŋ]'animal'

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Voiced bilabial nasal, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-28T19:35:06.000Z