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Voiceless labiodental fricative

Consonantal sound
Voiceless labiodental fricative
f
IPA Number128
Encoding
Entity (decimal)f
Unicode (hex)U+0066
X-SAMPAf
Braille⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
Audio sample
source · help
Voiceless labiodental approximant
ʋ̥
IPA Number150 402A
Encoding
X-SAMPAP_0

The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in a number of spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨f⟩.

Some scholars also posit the voiceless labiodental approximant distinct from the fricative. The approximant may be represented in the IPA as ⟨ʋ̥⟩. The distinction is not recognized by the International Phonetic Association.

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental fricative:

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Abkhazфы/fy[fə]'lightning'See Abkhaz phonology
Adygheтфы/tfyAbout this sound[tfə] (help·info)'five'Corresponds to [xʷ] in Kabardian and Proto-Circassian
Albanianfaqe[facɛ]'cheek'
ArabicModern Standardظرف‎/th'arf[ðˤɑrf]'envelope'See Arabic phonology
ArmenianEasternֆուտբոլ/futbolAbout this sound[fut̪bol] (help·info)'football'
Assameseবৰ/borof[bɔɹɔf]'snow/ice'
Azerifəng[t̪y̆fæɲɟ]'ɡun'
Basquefin[fin]'thin'
Bengaliফু/ful[ful]'flower'Allophone of /pʰ/. See Bengali phonology
Catalanfase[ˈfazə]'phase'See Catalan phonology
Chechenфакс / faks[faks]'fax'
ChineseCantonese / fēiAbout this sound[fei̯˥]'to fly'See Cantonese phonology
Mandarin (traditional) / 飞(simplified) / fēiAbout this sound[feɪ̯˥]See Mandarin phonology
Copticϥⲧⲟⲟⲩ/ftoow[ftow]'four'
Czechfoukat[ˈfoʊ̯kat]'to blow'See Czech phonology
Dutchfiets[fits]'bike'See Dutch phonology
EnglishAll dialectsfillAbout this sound[fɪɫ]'fill'See English phonology
Cockneythink[fɪŋk]'think'Socially marked, with speakers exhibiting some free variation with [θ] (with which it corresponds to in other dialects). See th-fronting.
Many British urban dialects
Some younger New Zealanders
Broad South AfricanMore common word-finally.
Indian South Africanfair[ʋ̥eː]'fair'Described as an approximant. Corresponds to /f/ in other accents.
Esperantofajro[ˈfajɾo]'fire'See Esperanto phonology
Eweeflen[éflé̃]'he spit off'
Frenchfabuleuse[fäbyˈløːz̪]'fabulous'See French phonology
Galicianfaísca[faˈiska]'spark'See Galician phonology
Germanfade[ˈfaːdə]'bland'See Standard German phonology
Goemai[fat]'to blow'
Greekφύση / fysī[ˈfisi]'nature'See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati / faļ[fəɭ]'fruit'See Gujarati phonology
Hebrewסופר‎/sofer[so̞fe̞ʁ]'writer'See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindustaniसाफ़ / صاف‎/saaf[sɑːf]'clean'See Hindustani phonology
Hungarianfigyel[ˈfiɟɛl]'he/she pays attention'See Hungarian phonology
Indonesianvandalisme[fandalismə]'vandalism'See Indonesian phonology
Italianfantasma[fän̪ˈt̪äzmä]'ghost'See Italian phonology
Kabardianфыз/fyz[fəz]'woman'Corresponds to [ʂʷ] in Adyghe and Proto-Circassian
Kabyleafus[afus]'hand'
Macedonianфонетика/fonetika[fɔnetika]'phonetics'See Macedonian phonology
Malayferi[feri]'ferry'Only occurs in loanwords
Maltesefenek[fenek]'rabbit'
Norwegianfilter[filtɛɾ]'filter'See Norwegian phonology
Persianفکر/fekr[fekr]'thought'
PolishfutroAbout this sound[ˈfut̪rɔ] (help·info)'fur'See Polish phonology
Portuguesefala[ˈfalɐ]'speech'See Portuguese phonology
Punjabiਫ਼ੌਜੀ/faujī[fɔːd͡ʒi]'soldier'
Romanianfoc[fo̞k]'fire'See Romanian phonology
Russianорфография/orfografiya[ɐrfɐˈɡrafʲɪjə]'orthography'Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatianфаза / faza[fǎːz̪ä]'phase'See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovakfúkať[ˈfu̞ːkäc̟]'to blow'See Slovak phonology
Somalifeex[fɛħ]'wart'See Somali phonology
Spanishfantasma[fã̠n̪ˈt̪a̠zma̠]'ghost'See Spanish phonology
Swahilikufa[kufɑ]'to die'
Swedishfisk[ˈfɪsk]'fish'See Swedish phonology
Thai/fon[fon˩˩˦]'rain'
Turkishsaf[säf]'pure'See Turkish phonology
UkrainianФастів/fastiv[ˈfɑsʲtʲiw]'Fastiv'See Ukrainian phonology
Vietnamesepháo[faːw˧ˀ˥]'firecracker'See Vietnamese phonology
Welshffon[fɔn]'stick'See Welsh phonology
West Frisianfol[foɫ]'full'See West Frisian phonology
Yi / fu[fu˧]'roast'
ZapotecTilquiapancafe[kafɘ]'coffee'Used primarily in loanwords from Spanish

Other topics

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Voiceless labiodental fricative, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors).


Date of last edit: 2021-01-28T19:40:05.000Z